Negotiations for an ambitious Trans-Pacific Partnership TPP trade deal involving a dozen countries from Asia and the Americas are quietly nearing the finishing line. Not long ago, the idea that two landmark U. As a presidential candidate inObama was a trade skeptic, painting deals like NAFTA as job-killers, which played well with unions weary of import surges from China. Once in office, however, Obama warmed to trade expansion as presidents tend to do, given the dependence of the American economy and jobs on exports and global supply chains.
While big business spearheads the trade lobby, “Main Street” small businesses stand to gain from greater access to foreign markets and the harmonizing of product standards and regulations across borders. Official Mexican Standards (as known by their Mexican acronym, “NOMS”) are mandatory technical regulations that establish rules, specifications, or . The Department of Labor (DOL) administers and enforces more than federal laws. These mandates and the regulations that implement them cover many workplace activities for about 10 million employers and million workers.
The revised law came into effect on October 1, The revisions to the Food Safety Law are wide-ranging, imposing stricter controls and supervision on food production and management. A review of food safety practices in China is essential to ensure compliance with the new law, limiting potential exposure to regulatory enforcement and subsequent loss in profits.
The draft Implementing Regulations has provided insights into how the administration intends to implement and enforce the new Food Safety Law, which contains 10 chapters with articles, adding 50 new articles to the old law as well as other revisions. Highlights of the changes are summarized below.
Record-keeping and registration mechanisms for food producers and importers The primary enforcement powers for food safety used to be divided among different agencies. The centralized system is now explicitly provided under the new law. Food producers must maintain a record system to record the supply and examination of food ingredients, food additives and food-related products.
Such record must be kept for a period of 6 months after the expiration date of the relevant food products, or 2 years if the expiration date is not specified.
Online food platforms Ordering food online is now a global trend and the safety of food purchased over the internet has raised issues.
If a platform provider becomes aware of food safety violations, the provider must immediately stop the trader from such illegal activities and report the same to local FDAs.
For serious violations, the provider must immediately stop providing the internet platform service.
If a consumer suffers damages from food products purchased through an online trading platform, the consumer can demand damages from the food trader. Where the platform provider cannot provide valid contact information of the food trader, the platform provider will instead be liable to pay the damages.
Health foods Health foods that contain ingredients outside the approved list of health food ingredients must be registered with CFDA.
CFDA recordal is required for health foods that are imported for the first time and serve to supplement vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Other health foods must be recorded with provincial level FDAs.
The draft Implementing Regulations have proposed that importation should be conducted within 3 months of the recordal.
Consistent with existing regulations for health foods, the new law prohibits labels and instructions of health foods from referring to any preventive or therapeutic function.
The draft Implementing Regulations have proposed that health claims must strictly follow the prescribed index of health food claims, and the language cannot be modified or combined. To avoid possible public confusion, the draft Implementing Regulations have further proposed that sale areas of health foods be separated from sale areas of pharmaceuticals and other types of food.
Baby foods A key revision under the new law is stricter regulation for baby formula food. The ingredients, food additives, formula and labels of baby formula food must be recorded with provincial level FDAs.International labour standards have grown into a comprehensive system of instruments on work and social policy, backed by a supervisory system designed to address all sorts of problems in their application at the national level.
Professional performance standards identify role functions in direct care, consultation, and quality assurance. Specialty practice guidelines are protocols of care for specific populations.
The ANA has developed and published standards for clinical nursing practice and . Food Saf ety Regulations on Labeling Requirements in the United States and Mexico Carolina Abrigo 5 background and easy to read.7 Regarding Mexico’s labeling standards they do not specify the size or location of the label on the product.
Working in partnership with the fruit and vegetable industry, PACA facilitates fair trade practices through education, mediation, arbitration, licensing and enforcement. If you have a question or concern about PACA, call us at Food regulations Modern food legislation is based on international principles and standards National legal frameworks are a key pillar in an effective food control system.
Download "Global Accounting Standards" Essay ( Words)! ☘ accounting profession has been seen as a functionary occupation, the practitioners of which are concerned with the presentation of economic figures relating to individual and.