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Why the Bible Cannot be the Word of God. On 06 May Yahoo ranked this article No.
In a "nutshell," it is my understanding that Yahweh is an amalgam, a conflation or fusion of various and sundry earlier gods and goddesses, having absorbed their functions, epithets and achievements.
By what "mechanism" did Yahweh-Elohim come to absorb the earlier gods and goddesses, their feats, epithets, titles, and glories? It was via political power.
Scholars have noted that as polictical fortunes shifted with the rise and fall of various polities in Mesopotamia the earlier gods came to have their powers usurped by the latest conqueror. Babylon upon coming to power created its Enuma Elish hymn which enumerates how Marduk the son of Ea, has garnered the power and attributes of the earlier gods some 50 of whom are enumerated.
They become aspects of his persona. Still later Assyria arose and conquered Babylon. The Assyrians "appropriated" the Enuma Elish and made Asshur the supreme god, and Marduk joined the 50 gods as merely a persona of Asshur. Thus too, I understand that as the political fortunes of Israel "waxed" and she triumphed over the Canaanites, their gods' and goddesses' powers, epithets and feats were ascribed to Yahweh.
There was a difference, however, the Hebrews generally challenged or refuted Mesopotamian notions, so instead of enumerating these gods and goddesses as personas of Yahweh, they were altogether "dismissed" as idols of wood and stone and not gods at all, there was only one god, Yahweh.
The usurping of earlier gods by later gods went on into Christian times. So we have before us some 4, years of "Godly usurpations" via the rise and fall of political entities.
I feel it is a useless methodology to "nit-pick" and stress "the differences" and IGNORE the similarities shared by the various dieties. Professors Graves and Patai on the Hebrews borrowing the epithets and achievements of the pagan gods and ascribing them to Yahweh: Prophets and Psalmists were as careless about the pagan origins of the religious imagery they borrowed, as priests were about the adaptation of heathen sacrifical rites to God's service.
The crucial question was: The Book of Genesis. This myth supplies the theme of the Serpent's warning to Eve In so far as one admits the presence of myth in ancient Babylonian and Canaanite culture, then one must also admit the presence of myth in the Bible This book, then, is a series of case studies of mythmaking in ancient Israel, or to be more exact, in the biblical tradition.
Slaying the Dragon, Mythmaking in the Biblical Tradition.
Interestingly, the reappropriation of mythic traditions and intertextual borrowing posited for biblical writers was already present within ancient Babylonia, and illustrates that biblical writers must be understood within the larger ancient Near Eastern literary and theological tradition.What Is the Meaning of True Friendship?
- Friendship. What is the meaning of a true friendship. Who is that one true friend or friends.
Whether it is a person’s pet, spouse, or sisters, friendship is that special bond between two or more individuals that share a mutual affection. The Origin of Philosophy: The Attributes of Mythic/ Mythopoeic Thought. The pioneering work on this subject was The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man, An Essay on Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East by Henri Frankfort, H.A.
|Certified Educator The relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu is essentially a partnership of equals.|
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Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A. Irwin (University of Chicago Press, , -- also once issued by Penguin as Before Philosophy). Literature. The City beyond the River () by Hermann rutadeltambor.com epic becomes a metaphor for post-war Germany. River without Shores (–50) by Hans Henny rutadeltambor.com middle section is an analogy to the relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu.
Although there is language in the text suggestive of a relationship beyond friendship between the two, there is no direct evidence of a sexual relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu.
At the same time, Gilgamesh declares a love for Enkidu greater than that for any woman. Relationship Between Gods and Humanity Essay The relationship between Chisa T. Takeuchi BSN 3A The Epic of Gilgamesh The story is all about the friendship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu.
Enkidu is a wild man created by the gods as Gilgamesh's equal to distract him from oppressing the people ofUruk. Together, they journey to the Cedar.
The Epic of Gilgamesh (/ ˈ ɡ ɪ l ɡ ə m ɛ ʃ /) is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia that is often regarded as the earliest surviving great work of literature. The literary history of Gilgamesh begins with five Sumerian poems about Bilgamesh (Sumerian for "Gilgamesh"), king of Uruk, dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (c.
BC).These independent stories were later used as source.